|Flowering Plants of the Metro Area
Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
The Virginia Creeper grows as a vine on trees, fences, walls, and
along the ground. Leaves have five leaflets in a whorl. The vine
has blue berries in late summer. This plant looks similar to, and is
sometimes mistaken for, poison ivy. Poison Ivy has only three
leaflets on a leaf and white fruit.
Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)
The Red Clover was introduced to this continent from Europe
and is now abundant in fields. This plant is recognized by its red
or pink flowers and three leaflets on a leaf.
This plant is commonly planted as a feed plant for cattle sheep
chicken and pigs. The Red Clover also is valued for its role in
A tea made from the dried plant and flowers has been used for
respiratory ailments and to relieve the symptoms of menopause.
Red Clover contains compounds, called phytoestrogens, that
mimic the hormone estrogen.
Violets (Viola sp.)
Many varieties of violets are found in our area. The flowers have
five petals arranged in a the distinctive shape, but the color
varies from white to deep purple. The deep purple flowers
pictured here are Birdfoot Violets photographed in Soldier's
Delight Natural Environmental Area. The light purple flower
(below right) is a common blue violet commonly found on lawns. A
white violet is also shown (top left).
Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum)
Found in shady woods. This is an early summer wildflower.
Cut-leaved teasel(Dipsacus laciniatus)
Common teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris)
Teasel was introduced to this area from Europe and has become well
established in some areas. The flower heads shown at left are seen in
fall and winter on roadsides and open fields. They are sometimes used in
dry flower arrangements, contributing to the spread of this weed.
The root of teasel has been used as a remedy for arthritis and other joint